Tuesday, March 21, 2017

From charity to social work


From charity to social work

1864 Octavia Hill

1864 Octavia Hill
Social housing and home visits

1917 Mary Ellen Richmond

1917 Mary Ellen Richmond
The founding mother of social casework

1975 Radical social work

1975 Radical social work
Refocusing social work, seeing more than the individual

Wednesday, March 8, 2017

SOCIAL WORK : Paper-I - Social work: Philosophy and Methods - UP PCS

 SOCIAL WORK 
: Paper-I - Social work: Philosophy and Methods
Social work: Meaning, Objectives, Scope, Assumptions & Values; History of Social work in U.K.
U.S.A. and India, philosophy of Social Work. Democratic (Equality, Justice Liberty & Fraternity) and
Humanitarian (Human Rights) Matrix. Social works as a profession.
Methods of Social work
Social Case work : Meaning, Scope Principles, Processes (Psychosocial study, Assessments
treatmentgoal formulation and techniques), Evaluation, Follow-up and Rehabilitation. Social Groups
work: Meaning, Objective, Principles, Skills, Processes (Study, Diagnosis, treatment and
evaluation), Programme, Planning and Development, Role of Social group worker, Leadership
Development. Meaning, Objective, Principles, Approaches, Roles of Community organization :
Community Organization Worker.
Social Welfare Administration : Meaning Scope, Auspices-Private and Public, Principles, Basic
Administrative Processes and Practicedecision making communication, planning. organisation,
budgeting and finacial control, reporting. : Meaning objectives, types, scope, Social work Research
scientific method, Selection and formulation of the problem Research Design Sampling, Sources and
Methods of Data Collection, Processing of Data, analysing and interpretation, Report writing. Social
Action: Meaning, Scope, approaches (Sarvodays, Antyodaya etc.) and Strategies.

Paper-II
Social Problems and Fields of Social work in India Problem pertaining to Marriage, Family and
caste: Dowry- child Marriage, Divorce, Families with working couples, Disorganised Families,
Families with Emigrant Heads of the Households, Gender Inequality, Authoritarian Family structure,
Major Changes in Caste systems and problem of casteism. Problems Pertaining of Weaker Sections.
Problems of Children, Women Aged. Handicapped and Backward Classes (SCs, STs, and other
Backward Classes). Truancy Vagrancy and Juvenile Delinquency, Crime, Problems of Deviance:
White Colla Crime, Organized Crime, Collective Violence, Terrorism, Prostitution and Sex Related
Crimes. Social Vices: Alcohilism. Drug Addiction, Beggary, Corruption and communalism.
Problems of Social Structure : Poverty, Unemployment, Bonded Labour, Child Labour. Fields of
Soclalwork India : Child Development, Development of Youth, Women's Empowerment, Welfare of
aged, Welfare of Physically. Mentally and Social Handicapped, Welfare of backward Classes (Scs,
STs and Other Backward Classes) Rural Development Urban Community Development, Medical
And Psychiatric Social work, Industrial Social work, Social Security offender Reforms.

Sunday, March 5, 2017

Principles of Social Casework

Principles of Social Casework are important for the UGC NET exam of social work. Some of them are

1) Principle of individualization
2) Principle of meaningful relationship
3) Principle of acceptance
4) Principle of communication
5) Principle of expression of feelings
6) Principle of controlled emotional involvement
7) Principle of non-judgmental attitude
8) Principle of client’s self-determination
9) Principle of worker’s self-awareness
10) Principle of social functioning
11) Principle of tuning behaviour
12) Principle of social learning
13) Principle of confidentiality

Thursday, February 16, 2017

Wednesday, February 15, 2017

Group work

Group work is work done by a group of people in collaboration.It could be education, training, or therapy given in a group.

Famous books for Case work in Practice

1. Mathew Grace (2011): An Introduction to Social Case Work, Tata Institute of Social Sciences
2. Hamilton, G (1951): Theory and Practice in Social Case Work, New York: Columbia University Press
3. Biestek F (1961): The Case Work Relationship, London, Allyn and Bacon
4. Richmond , M (1965): Social Case Work- A Problem Solving Approach, Chicago, The University of Chicago Press 

Social casework - GRACE MATHEW

Social casework is a method of helping people individually through a one-to-one relationship. 

The types of disabilities according to the The Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill - 2016

The types of disabilities have been increased from existing 7 to 21 and the Central Government will have the power to add more types of disabilities. The 21 disabilities are given below:-
1.                  Blindness
2.                  Low-vision
3.                  Leprosy Cured persons
4.                  Hearing Impairment (deaf and hard of hearing)
5.                  Locomotor Disability
6.                  Dwarfism
7.                  Intellectual Disability
8.                  Mental Illness
9.                  Autism Spectrum Disorder
10.              Cerebral Palsy
11.              Muscular Dystrophy
12.              Chronic Neurological conditions
13.              Specific Learning Disabilities
14.              Multiple Sclerosis
15.              Speech and Language disability
16.              Thalassemia
17.              Hemophilia
18.              Sickle Cell disease
19.              Multiple Disabilities including deafblindness
20.              Acid Attack victim
21.              Parkinson's disease

Rights of Persons with Disabilities Bill - 2016

The Bill will replace the existing PwD Act, 1995, which was enacted 21 years back.

National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation

National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation
The National Handicapped Finance and Development Corporation (NHFDC) has been set up by the Ministry of Social Justice & Empowerment, Government of India on 24th January 1997. The company is registered under Section 25 of the Companies Act, 1956 as a Company not for profit. It is wholly owned by Government of India and has an authorised share capital of Rs. 400 crores (Rupees Four Hundred Crore only). The company is managed by Board of Directors nominated by Government of India.
NHFDC functions as an Apex institution for channelising the funds to persons with disabilities through the State Channelising Agencies (SCAs) nominated by the State Government(s) .

Tuesday, February 14, 2017

Social group work - Gisela Konopka

Social group work is a method of social work that helps persons to enhance their social functioning through purposeful group experiences and to cope more effectively with their personal, group or community problems (Gisela Konopka, 1959).

Rothman's Three Models of Community Organizing

Rothman's Three Models of Community Organizing
>Locality Development
>Social Planning
>Social Action

30 Articles of Universal Declaration of Human Rights

Article 1.
 

All human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. They are endowed with reason and conscience and should act towards one another in a spirit of brotherhood.

Article 2.
 

Everyone is entitled to all the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration, without distinction of any kind, such as race, colour, sex, language, religion, political or other opinion, national or social origin, property, birth or other status. Furthermore, no distinction shall be made on the basis of the political, jurisdictional or international status of the country or territory to which a person belongs, whether it be independent, trust, non-self-governing or under any other limitation of sovereignty.

Article 3.
 

Everyone has the right to life, liberty and security of person.

Article 4.
 

No one shall be held in slavery or servitude; slavery and the slave trade shall be prohibited in all their forms.

Article 5.
 

No one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment.

Article 6.
 

Everyone has the right to recognition everywhere as a person before the law.

Article 7.
 

All are equal before the law and are entitled without any discrimination to equal protection of the law. All are entitled to equal protection against any discrimination in violation of this Declaration and against any incitement to such discrimination.

Article 8.
 

Everyone has the right to an effective remedy by the competent national tribunals for acts violating the fundamental rights granted him by the constitution or by law.

Article 9.
 

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary arrest, detention or exile.

Article 10.
 

Everyone is entitled in full equality to a fair and public hearing by an independent and impartial tribunal, in the determination of his rights and obligations and of any criminal charge against him.

Article 11.
 

(1) Everyone charged with a penal offence has the right to be presumed innocent until proved guilty according to law in a public trial at which he has had all the guarantees necessary for his defence.
(2) No one shall be held guilty of any penal offence on account of any act or omission which did not constitute a penal offence, under national or international law, at the time when it was committed. Nor shall a heavier penalty be imposed than the one that was applicable at the time the penal offence was committed.

Article 12.
 

No one shall be subjected to arbitrary interference with his privacy, family, home or correspondence, nor to attacks upon his honour and reputation. Everyone has the right to the protection of the law against such interference or attacks.

Article 13.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of movement and residence within the borders of each state.
(2) Everyone has the right to leave any country, including his own, and to return to his country.

Article 14.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to seek and to enjoy in other countries asylum from persecution.
(2) This right may not be invoked in the case of prosecutions genuinely arising from non-political crimes or from acts contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 15.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to a nationality.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his nationality nor denied the right to change his nationality.

Article 16.
 

(1) Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and to found a family. They are entitled to equal rights as to marriage, during marriage and at its dissolution.
(2) Marriage shall be entered into only with the free and full consent of the intending spouses.
(3) The family is the natural and fundamental group unit of society and is entitled to protection by society and the State.

Article 17.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to own property alone as well as in association with others.
(2) No one shall be arbitrarily deprived of his property.

Article 18.
 

Everyone has the right to freedom of thought, conscience and religion; this right includes freedom to change his religion or belief, and freedom, either alone or in community with others and in public or private, to manifest his religion or belief in teaching, practice, worship and observance.

Article 19.
 

Everyone has the right to freedom of opinion and expression; this right includes freedom to hold opinions without interference and to seek, receive and impart information and ideas through any media and regardless of frontiers.

Article 20.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to freedom of peaceful assembly and association.
(2) No one may be compelled to belong to an association.

Article 21.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to take part in the government of his country, directly or through freely chosen representatives.
(2) Everyone has the right of equal access to public service in his country.
(3) The will of the people shall be the basis of the authority of government; this will shall be expressed in periodic and genuine elections which shall be by universal and equal suffrage and shall be held by secret vote or by equivalent free voting procedures.

Article 22.
 

Everyone, as a member of society, has the right to social security and is entitled to realization, through national effort and international co-operation and in accordance with the organization and resources of each State, of the economic, social and cultural rights indispensable for his dignity and the free development of his personality.

Article 23.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to work, to free choice of employment, to just and favourable conditions of work and to protection against unemployment.
(2) Everyone, without any discrimination, has the right to equal pay for equal work.
(3) Everyone who works has the right to just and favourable remuneration ensuring for himself and his family an existence worthy of human dignity, and supplemented, if necessary, by other means of social protection.
(4) Everyone has the right to form and to join trade unions for the protection of his interests.

Article 24.
 

Everyone has the right to rest and leisure, including reasonable limitation of working hours and periodic holidays with pay.

Article 25.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to a standard of living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and of his family, including food, clothing, housing and medical care and necessary social services, and the right to security in the event of unemployment, sickness, disability, widowhood, old age or other lack of livelihood in circumstances beyond his control.
(2) Motherhood and childhood are entitled to special care and assistance. All children, whether born in or out of wedlock, shall enjoy the same social protection.

Article 26.
 

(1) Everyone has the right to education. Education shall be free, at least in the elementary and fundamental stages. Elementary education shall be compulsory. Technical and professional education shall be made generally available and higher education shall be equally accessible to all on the basis of merit.
(2) Education shall be directed to the full development of the human personality and to the strengthening of respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms. It shall promote understanding, tolerance and friendship among all nations, racial or religious groups, and shall further the activities of the United Nations for the maintenance of peace.
(3) Parents have a prior right to choose the kind of education that shall be given to their children.

Article 27.
 

(1) Everyone has the right freely to participate in the cultural life of the community, to enjoy the arts and to share in scientific advancement and its benefits.
(2) Everyone has the right to the protection of the moral and material interests resulting from any scientific, literary or artistic production of which he is the author.

Article 28.
 

Everyone is entitled to a social and international order in which the rights and freedoms set forth in this Declaration can be fully realized.

Article 29.
 

(1) Everyone has duties to the community in which alone the free and full development of his personality is possible.
(2) In the exercise of his rights and freedoms, everyone shall be subject only to such limitations as are determined by law solely for the purpose of securing due recognition and respect for the rights and freedoms of others and of meeting the just requirements of morality, public order and the general welfare in a democratic society.
(3) These rights and freedoms may in no case be exercised contrary to the purposes and principles of the United Nations.

Article 30.
 

Nothing in this Declaration may be interpreted as implying for any State, group or person any right to engage in any activity or to perform any act aimed at the destruction of any of the rights and freedoms set forth herein.

Saturday, February 11, 2017

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR)

The National Commission for Protection of Child Rights (NCPCR) was set up in March 2007 under the Commission for Protection of Child Rights (CPCR) Act, 2005, an Act of Parliament (December 2005). NCPCR is a statutory body under the CPCR Act,2005 under the administrative control of the Ministry of Women & Child Development ,Government of India.

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) 1993

Rashtriya Mahila Kosh (RMK) was established by the Government of India in March, 1993 as an autonomous body under the Ministry of Women & Child Development. It was registered under the Societies Registration Act 1860. 


National Commission for Women Act, 1990

National Commission for Women Act, 1990
Commission of Sati (Prevention) Act, 1987
The Pre-natal Diagnostic Techniques Amendment Act 2002
The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005

‘Crimes against Women’


The Crimes Identified under the Indian Penal Code (IPC)
i) Rape (Sec.376 IPC)
ii) Kidnapping & Abduction for different purposes (Sec.363-373)
iii) Homicide for Dowry, Dowry Deaths or their attempts (Sec.302/304-B IPC)
iv) Torture, both mental and physical (Sec.498-A IPC)
v) Molestation (Sec.354 IPC)
vi) Sexual Harassment (Sec. 509 IPC)

William Beveridge Report 1941

William Beveridge Report 1941

M.G. Ranode

M.G. Ranode formed Widow Marriage Association in 1861 in India. He also founded Poona Sarvajanik Sabha, Prarthana Samaj.

Aruna Roy founded the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan.

Aruna Roy founded the Mazdoor Kisan Shakti Sangathan.

Thursday, February 9, 2017

Atul Chandra Chatterjee

Atul Chandra Chatterjee was the First Indian to become the president of Indian Labour Conference. 

Tuesday, February 7, 2017

Sigmund Frued OAPG

Sigmund Frued
Oral
Anal
Phallic
Genital


OAPG

William Beveridge Report 1941

William Beveridge Report 1941 the five “Giant Evils” are
squalor, ignorance, want, idleness, and disease.

Article 275

The special grant for tribal welfare is provided under Article 275

Focus Group

A focus group is a form of qualitative research in which a group of people are asked about their perceptions, opinions, beliefs, and attitudes towards a product, service, concept, advertisement, idea, or packaging.

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005

The Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005